Posted in 20 February 2015, by Mic, kategori Event, News, Urban & Regional Planning, Visiting Professor, Workshop & Seminar

Two lecturers of Urban&Regional Planning Department (Perencanaan Wilayah & Kota, PWK) Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Brawijaya (FTUB), Ir. Ismu Rini Dwi Ari, MT., Ph.D and Mustika Anggraeni, ST., MSi, being a speaker in international conferences in Thailand. Their researches are presented in two occasions at the same time, the  Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) workshop on February 9 to 10, and Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific 2015: The 1st Asia-Pacific Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation by International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) on February 11 to 13.

Ismu said that the research activities initiated by the research grant from The Rockefeller Foundation dan International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) London. Five researchers from all over Indonesia who obtain research grants participated in workshop organized by the said organization in Bogor last 2013. On this occasion, the results of research were reviewed again by David Dodman (Co-Head, Human Settlements Group Team Leader, Cities and Climate Change IIED), Diane Archer (researchers and experts in the field of urban resilience to climate change) and Victoria Maynarch (expert in the field of social capital).

“Then the research finalized and presented at ACCCRN workshop in Bangkok. The participants are from the Philippines, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Vietnam,” she said.

While at The 1st Asia Pacific Forum on Urban Climate Change Resilience and Adaptation conference they had the opportunity to present the research findings to researchers, non-governmental organization (NGO), and government officials from the Asia-Pacific countries such as mayors, regents, governors, as well as ministry.

“Here we were in discussions to discuss the city resilience to climate change. Consists of 60 papers were entered and 300 participants, “he said.

Mustika added, organizations that supporting the conference came from all over the world. Such as  Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Jerman, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from United State of America, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN), Mercy Corp, International Capital Market Association (ICMA), and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Furthermore, there were also United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Habitat, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNSDR), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), and the Association of Municipal Government of Indonesia (Asosiasi Pemerintah Kota Seluruh Indonesia, APEKSI). In the future, a similar conference will be held in Malacca.

Research on Bojonegoro in Flood Prone Areas

Ismu and Mustika presented the research that had been developed for one year, entitled “Climate Change & Home Location Preferences in Flood Prone Areas of Bojonegoro : Social Network Approach”. Research focuses on communities in Bojonegoro who live along the Bengawan Solo River.

“There in Bojonegoro, they  actually built embankments, our research focus is on the people who live between the embankment and rivers,” said Ismu.

Ismu explained, since the levees build, they should not live in the area because the area is prone to the flooding. But in fact people living in the region are not diminishing, they even increasing. It lasted since the 1970s, so they have been there for a generation or more.

“At first we thought that people live there are from the middle low communities, but there are people whose income is above the minimum wage of Bojonegoro with houses and luxury car stay there,” added Mustika.

The study was conducted in six villages, 33 neighborhoods, and a sample of 300 heads of families with more than 1000 population. From the results of research by previous investigators, flood-prone areas are divided into three classifications; high, medium, and low.

Ismu and Mustika continue the research with focus on two main points. The first is the analysis of the determining factors of the elements which are the most influential settlement to make people feel at home in a flood-prone area, then the latter is generally more to the social networks and community groups using social network analysis.

Of the three communities prone to flooding, the lowest public vulnerability to climate change (in this case is flooding) are the people who live in the lowest areas.

“It can be concluded that the group that has low vulnerability to flooding has the better social ties or networks. Thus proved that they have better ability in anticipating and settle the post-flood effect.” said Ismu.

From this conference Ismu hope people can connect with networks all over the world to deal with climate change which are actually the world common problems. By joining the international network, making people more adaptable and resilient to climate change. “Hopefully in the future more and more friends can be connected to the network,” she closed her statement. (and/mic)

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